Surah Al-Qalam is the 68th chapter of the Quran. It consists of 52 verses (ayat) and is a Makki surah, meaning it was revealed in the city of Makkah during the early years of the Prophet Muhammad’s mission.
The chapter is named “Al-Qalam,” which translates to “The Pen.” It addresses a particular incident involving the Prophet Muhammad. It is said that some people accused the Prophet of being insane or possessed by jinn because of his message, and they criticized him for not possessing wealth and luxury. In response to these accusations, this surah was revealed to defend the Prophet’s character and message.
Surah Al-Qalam emphasizes the importance of revelation, knowledge, and the role of the Prophets. It defends the Prophet’s integrity and calls out the disbelievers for their arrogance and ignorance. The chapter warns about the consequences of rejecting the message of God and highlights the lessons that can be drawn from the stories of past nations.
The surah also underscores the significance of using one’s faculties of reason and understanding to recognize the truth. It carries a timeless message about the power of words, the role of guidance, and the importance of maintaining moral character in the face of criticism and opposition.