Surah Ash-Shams is the 91st chapter of the Quran. It contains 15 verses (ayat) and is a Makki surah, revealed in the city of Makkah during the early stages of the Prophet Muhammad’s mission.
The chapter is named “Ash-Shams,” which translates to “The Sun.” It begins with a series of oaths by various natural phenomena, including the sun, the moon, the day, the night, the sky, and the earth. These oaths serve as a means of drawing attention to the significance of the messages being conveyed in the surah.
Surah Ash-Shams addresses themes of guidance, righteousness, and accountability. It emphasizes the contrasts between those who purify their souls and those who corrupt them. The surah underscores the importance of recognizing God’s signs in creation and following the path of righteousness, as well as the consequences faced by those who deviate from it.
Through its concise yet impactful verses, Surah Ash-Shams invites readers to reflect on the signs of God in the universe, and it encourages them to seek moral and spiritual growth. The chapter serves as a reminder of the inherent balance and wisdom present in God’s creation, as well as the potential consequences of human choices.